Une commission de discipline constituée par le directeur de l'établissement pénitentiaire conduit la procédure disciplinaire et prononce la sanction. [88] Like the MOS, the CCDI lacks judicial authority[88] and is limited to investigating allegations of corruption and breaches of party discipline. [29] Following his investigation, Zhou was expelled from the CCP. [71] The 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee in 2013 again reformed the CCDI's structure, with each CDI directly responsible to the CCDI. We should have confidence that party committees ... view problems from a more comprehensive perspective than we do. A disciplinary commission appointed by the director of the penal institution conducts the disciplinary proceedings and pronounces the sentence. [56] CCDI plenary sessions, which discuss its past and future work, are usually held in January. Although it may be argued that the 1945 amendments did little to clarify the role of a control body, the party leadership expanded on the theoretical reasons for its existence. [83], The ISR defines three forms of inner-party supervision: top-to-bottom, bottom-to-top and peer-to-peer. [86] According to the ISR, the central party leadership should regularly send central inspection teams to regions, state organisations and state-owned enterprises. [64] The CDI's composition is decided by the CDI a level above it, and endorsed by its party committee and the committee superior to it;[64] the establishment of discipline commissions at the local level is decided by the upper-level party committee. [69] Of the ten divisions, four investigate cases at the vice-ministerial level and above; the remaining six investigate "officials at the level of provincial governor, vice-governor, chair and vice-chair of provincial standing committees of the National People's Congress, chair and vice-chair of provincial A chacun sa pratique, compétition, loisir dans n’importe quel discipline, route, vtt, bmx, piste…. [61] On 28 March 2013 the Central Committee ordered the establishment of Propaganda and Organisation Departments in the CCDI, the first such departments in a central-level institution other than the Central Committee. The modern commission was established at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee in December 1978. [69] Since the 1993 merger of its internal functions with the MOS, it has grown to 27 bureaus and offices;[69] of these, the Office for Discipline Inspection and Supervision, the Case Hearing Office and the Office for Circuit Inspection Work are the most important. [75] When the CDICMC completes such an investigation, the case is usually given to military prosecution authorities for court-martial. Political Consultative Conferences, city mayors and deputies. [45] This was opposed by the CCDI leadership, with Huang saying that loyalty to the Central Committee was "more important" than fighting corruption. [46] This made the local CDI responsible to its party committee, rather than to the CCDI. [33] The CCDI cited similar numbers: "[B]etween July 2003 and December 2008, the CCDI had tried and closed 852,000 cases, resulting in 881,000 officials receiving disciplinary sanctions. [94] To investigate a member of the Politburo or the PSC, the full backing of the PSC and retired high-level leaders is required. Nous utilisons des cookies pour améliorer et rendre agréable l'expérience utilisateur sur notre site. Look up the French to German translation of commission de discipline in the PONS online dictionary. En naviguant sur ce site, vous acceptez la politique d'utilisation des cookies. [68], The CCDI employs about 1,000 people. [17] Although according to Lenin the Soviet PCC was established to cure the Party's bureaucratic ills, it evolved into a tool wielded by party secretaries. [35] Of these Zhang, at age 50, is currently the youngest serving CDI provincial secretary. "[8] Aware of Yan'an Rectification Movement successes and CCDI failures, the party leadership used mass mobilisation and ideological campaigns to tackle party corruption during the 1950s. Related items. Since the vast majority of officials at all levels of government are also Communist Party members, the commission is in practice the top anti-corruption body in China. Close. [45] The chief problem during the early 1980s was CCDI links to local party committees. [46] The local committees elected the commission for discipline inspection (CDI) at their level, but the higher-level CDI could endorse – or reject – the proposed committee. [12] The institutional balance favouring party committees led some (such as Gao Gang and Rao Shushi) to pack local commissions for discipline inspection (CDI) with loyalists who had no interest in carrying out their responsibilities. The CCDI was cumbersome; twenty-seven separate procedures had to be completed before an official could be placed under investigation. [81] The ISR reaffirmed the powers of the CCDI, institutionalised the central inspection teams and clearly separated the Party's decision-making institutions from its supervisory ones. [44] Elections of its Secretary, Deputy Secretary and Secretary-General are held at its 1st Plenary Session, held immediately after a national congress. PERC deals with certain labor relations issues involving public employers, public employees, and unions that represent public employees, including representation issues, unfair practices, the scope of negotiations, mediation, and assignment of fact-finders and arbitrators. Composée de cinq membres, indépendants, choisis en raison de leurs connaissances dans les domaines juridiques et médicaux, elle est compétente pour statuer sur toute infraction aux règlements fédéraux mais également pour connaitre des suites des décisions prises par les organes disciplinaires régionaux. [8] Despite the support of Mao Zedong and the central party leadership, it was often unable to fulfill its mandate in the provinces. [39] The amendment allowed local CDIs to "take their case to the next-higher party committee" if they considered the committee decision at their level faulty. As economic reforms … It was responsible to the Politburo and its local organisations were responsible for their corresponding party committees, despite the committees' authority to restrict their behaviour. [10] Its power waned during the Great Leap Forward, but the CCC, the Secretariat and the Organisation Department became the chief weapons in the aftermath of the Great Leap to combat corruption and reverse verdicts on rightists. [57] These teams, led by retired ministerial-level officials and reporting to the CCDI rather than local party committees,[57] were empowered to initiate investigations, conduct interviews and review relevant documents. The importance of discipline and supervision was emphasised since the CCP's founding. Each CCDI Secretary since 2003 has concurrently headed the Central Leading Group for Inspection Work. [30] On 11 June 2015, Zhou was convicted of bribery, abuse of power and the intentional disclosure of state secrets by the Intermediate Court in Tianjin. [24] After weakening under Zhao Ziyang, CCDI power increased in the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 under the tutelage of Deng and Jiang Zemin. The general number for our Springfield office is (217) 546-3523. [32] He was sentenced to life in prison. [83] Every party member is subject to supervision, but the ISR emphasises that leaders would be its focus. - La Commission Fédérale de Discipline, - La Commission Fédérale de la Coupe de France, - La Commission de Discipline de la L.F.P. [93] In a case handled by former ODIS Third Division director and Case Hearing Office director Li Huiran, a petition was sent to all department heads in the ministry employing the petitioner, several offices of the CCDI and PSC members Jiang Zemin, Li Peng, Zhu Rongji and Wei Jianxing. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is a large independent agency of the United States federal government that was created following the stock market crash in the 1920s to protect investors and the national banking system. [60] Beginning in 2014, CDI chiefs across the country began to shed concurrent executive positions which could create conflicts of interest (for example, a CDI chief also serving as a vice-mayor or department head); CDI personnel also began removing themselves from "leading groups" and similar policy-coordination and consultation groups. championnat national, le Statut Fédéral est pris comme base. [8] In response to the CCDI's failures,[40] the 1955 National Conference established the CCC. [100], The importance of law in the struggle against corruption has been emphasised since the early 1980s. Although the commission is theoretically independent of the Party's executive institutions such as the Central Committee and its Politburo, historically the work of the CCDI has been directed by the Party's top leaders. [25] In the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square demonstrations Zhao Ziyang's reforms were rescinded, and the former CCDI inspection groups were reestablished. [94] This system gives the CCDI precedence over the legal system in the investigation of party leaders. Party regulations and Party discipline are stricter than State laws; all levels' Party organisations and the broad Party members and cadres must not only be models of abiding by State laws, they must also put strict demands on themselves according to the even higher standards of Party regulations and Party discipline, they must strengthen their ideals and convictions, put the purpose of the Party into practice, and firmly struggle with acts violating law and discipline. [90] Andrew Wederman wrote that by looking at the "offences based on annual reports by provincial DICs contained in provincial yearbooks", its responsibility includes 20 types of offences; "[a]rbitrary and dictatorial exercise of power, [a]narchism, [f]actionalism, [f]avouritism, [i]nsubordination, [h]eterodoxy (such as bourgeois spiritual pollution, leftism), [p]rivilege seeking, [n]epotism and use of Party authority to advance their families, friends and relatives, [b]ureaucratism, [a]dministrative inefficiency, [c]ommandism, [h]oarding, [p]etty corruption, [f]raud, [e]mbezzlement, [t]heft, [s]muggling, [b]ribery, [i]llegal acquisition of and dealing in foreign exchange [and] [w]asting and squandering public funds". [25] Forty-nine CCDI discipline-inspection groups in central ministries and party organisations were abolished at the congress (75 percent of all inspection groups), and the CCDI's chief lost his seat on the Politburo Standing Committee. It was argued in the party constitution that the control system "was born to serve the needs of a Leninist party for its ideological and organisational consolidation. [50] On the few occasions when it attempted to investigate leading officials, it often experienced retaliation. [25] Although most of Zhao Ziyang's reforms were later themselves rescinded, concurrent PSC membership was not reintroduced until the 15th National Congress in 1997. [80], The jurisdiction of the party discipline inspection system mirrors that of the MOS, with the CCDI responsible for cases involving breaches of party discipline and state law by party members. "[60] In practice, this signalled the intention of the leadership that CDIs across the country operate separate from the party apparatus, with local CDIs responsible to higher-level CDIs in nearly all substantive respects. Report of the National Commission on Judicial Discipline & Removal by National Commission on Judicial Discipline & Removal (U.S.) ( Book ); Report of the National Commission on Judicial Discipline and Removal : hearing before the Subcommittee on Intellectual Property and Judicial Administration of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third …