As the eldest child in the Orléans family at the end of the Ancien Régime and first prince of the blood, Louis Philippe, Duke of Valois, Chartres and then Orléans, succeeded his cousin Charles X to the French throne, the latter being the last reigning sovereign of the elder branch of the Bourbons. [2], In 1808, Louis Philippe proposed to Princess Elizabeth, daughter of King George III of the United Kingdom. In 1785, he had been given the hereditary appointment of Colonel of the Chartres Dragoons (renamed 14th Dragoons in 1791).[1]. That throne. In 1876, his remains and those of his wife were taken to France and buried at the Chapelle royale de Dreux, the Orléans family necropolis his mother had built in 1816, and which he had enlarged and embellished after her death. Unable to find passage to Europe, the three brothers spent a year in Cuba, until they were unexpectedly expelled by the Spanish authorities. Louis Philippe D'ORLEANS 1747-1793 Duc de Montpensier, Chartres et d'Orléans (1785-1793)- Duc de Valois, de Nemours - Prince de Joinville, comte de Beaujolais, de Vermandois et de Soissons Louise Marie Adélaïde DE BOURBON 1753-1821 The French courts threw out his claim, arguing that the legal system had no jurisdiction over the matter. For other uses, see. From October 1788 to October 1789, the Palais Royal was a meeting-place for the revolutionaries. Pendant quelques années, Louis-Philippe régna plutôt modestement, évitant l'arrogance, la pompe et les dépenses excessives de ses prédécesseurs. His ascension to the title of King of the French was seen as a betrayal by Emperor Nicholas I of Russia, and it ended their friendship. It was hoped this marriage would close a fifty-year-old family rift. In 1839, while reflecting on his visit to the United States, Louis Philippe explained in a letter to Guizot that his three years there had a large influence on his political beliefs and judgments when he became king. Summary Louis Philippe leaving the Palais Royal. Proclamation de la Republique a Paris Promulgation de la loi sur la liberte de la presse. When Louis Philippe's grandfather died in 1785, his father succeeded him as Duke of Orléans and Louis Philippe succeeded his father as Duke of Chartres. He was a part of the House of Bourbon, and lived in Paris during the French Revolution. [28], "Louis Philippe" redirects here. Under his management, the conditions of the working classes deteriorated, and the income gap widened considerably. After considering the possibility of such a marriage, Louis XV and his chief minister, Cardinal Fleury, decided against it because this union would have brought the House of Orléans too close to the throne.[1]. The oldest son of the Philippe-Egalité the Duke of Orléans, Louis-Philippe d'Orléans was first named the Duke of Valois and raised by Madame de Genlis. ; Horace Vernet, pinx. His father, who had been devoted to his German wife became a recluse and pious as he grew older. Louis Philippe d'Orleans, (1773-1850). Many remaining French monarchists regard the descendants of Louis Philippe's grandson, who hold the title Count of Paris, as the rightful pretenders to the French throne; others, the Legitimists, consider Don Luis-Alfonso de Borbón, Duke of Anjou (to his supporters, "Louis XX") to be the rightful heir. Surrounded by all the members of his immediate family, even his three children by Etiennette Le Marquis, Louis-Philippe died on 18 November 1785, at Sainte-Assise at the age of sixty.[10]. He had, with his own hands, demolished the iron cage of Mont-Saint-Michel, built by Louis XI, and used by Louis XV. The marriage was considered controversial, because she was the niece of Marie Antoinette, while he was the son of Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans who was considered to have played a part in the execution of her aunt. He was the companion of Dumouriez, he was the friend of Lafayette; he had belonged to the Jacobins' club; Mirabeau had slapped him on the shoulder; Danton had said to him: "Young man!" He also became First Prince of the Blood, Duke of Valois, Nemours and Montpensier. As the only son of Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and his wife Johanna of Baden-Baden.. First marriage. By the time of his death in 1883, support for the monarchy had declined, and public opinion sided with a continuation of the Third Republic, as the form of government that, according to Adolphe Thiers, "divides us least". He first moved to Switzerland under an assumed name, and met up with the Countess of Genlis and his sister Adélaïde at Schaffhausen. They were refused entry to a monastery by monks who believed them to be young vagabonds. Auguste was born on November 10 1704, in Schloss Johannisburg, Bavaria. Louis Philippe did not do this, in order to increase his own chances of succession. "The French Army Law of 1832. His father was buried at the Abbaye-Sainte-Geneviève where he had lived since 1740. In 1832, his daughter, Princess Louise-Marie, married the first ruler of Belgium, Leopold I, King of the Belgians. His mother was an extremely wealthy heiress who was descended from Louis XIV of France through a legitimized line. Throughout this period, he never stayed in one place more than 48 hours. Il est entré dans la littérature comme autrefois on entrait dans un ordre, pour y goûter toutes ses joies et y mourir. He had been proscribed, a wanderer, poor. His father Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (Philippe Égalité) fell under suspicion and was executed, and Louis Philippe remained in exile for 21 years until the Bourbon Restoration. Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans (13 April 1747 – 6 November 1793) commonly known as Philippe, was a member of a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, the ruling dynasty of France. Louis Philippe d'Orléans was born at the Palace of Versailles on 12 May 1725. Louis Philippe put himself between a peasant armed with a carbine and the priests, saving their lives. It was the King Louis XV who opposed this marriage on the pretence that the princess was too old for the young Duke of Chartres. À partir de 1785, devenu duc dOrléans à la mort de son père, il offre au Palais-Royal « l'anti-Versailles » un centre et un point de ralliement aux ennemis de la cour, ses relations avec la famille royale devenues très ten… Louis XV had added to the appanage of the House of Orléans the hôtel de Grand-Ferrare in Fontainebleau (1740), the county of Soissons (1751), the seigneuries of La Fère, Marle, Ham, Saint-Gobain, the Ourcq canal and the hôtel Duplessis-Châtillon in Paris (1766).[8]. The battle was apparently inconclusive, but the Austrian-Prussian army, short of supplies, was forced back across the Rhine. This caused her father-in-law to refuse to recognise the legitimacy of his grandchildren. Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke o Orléans (12 Mey 1725 – 18 November 1785) wis Duke o Orléans an a great-grandson o Keeng Louis XIV o Fraunce, as well as the grandfather o Keeng Louis Philippe I o the French.He sold the Château de Saint Cloud tae Queen Marie Antoinette in 1785. Louis Philippe had wanted his son to have a prestigious marriage with the Polish princess Maria Kunigunde, the youngest daughter of Augustus III of Poland and Maria Josepha, Archduchess of Austria. The company responsible for the endeavour received Louis Philippe's signature on 11 December 1839 as well as his permission to carry out the voyage in line with his policy of supporting colonial expansion and the construction of a second empire which had first commenced under him in Algeria around a decade earlier. Format MP3. This soon proved to be to his advantage. Louis Philippe struck up a lasting friendship with the British royal. Philippe Égalité spoke in the National Convention, condemning his son for his actions, asserting that he would not spare his son, much akin to the Roman consul Brutus and his sons. However, the comte de Chambord lived longer than expected. He was the first member of a royal house to visit the Australian continent. After Louis Philippe left Reichenau, he separated the now sixteen-year-old Adélaïde from the Countess of Genlis, who had fallen out with Louis Philippe. Louis Philippe d'Orléans was born at the Palace of Versailles on 12 May 1725. Cloud on the 13th of April 1747. Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duc d’Orléans, also called (1752–85) duc de Chartres, byname Philippe Égalité, (born April 13, 1747, Saint-Cloud, France—died November 6, 1793, Paris), Bourbon prince who became a supporter of popular democracy during the Revolution of 1789. Despite this outward appearance of simplicity, his support came from the wealthy bourgeoisie. At that time, the château de Bagnolet, which he had inherited from his father, became his favorite residence. Louis Napoléon Bonaparte was elected president on 10 December 1848; on 2 December 1851, he declared himself president for life and then Emperor Napoleon III in 1852. In the Army of the North, Louis Philippe served with four future Marshals of France: Macdonald, Mortier (who would later be killed in an assassination attempt on Louis Philippe), Davout and Oudinot. He was first buried at St. Charles Borromeo Chapel in Weybridge, Surrey. Princess Maria Kunigunde was the sister of the deceased Dauphine of France (1731–1767), mother of Louis XVI. Louis Philippe Marie Léopold d'Orléans was born at Saint-Cloud, France.∼Louis Philippe Marie Léopold d'Orléans was a member of the House of Orléans and held the title of Prince of Condé. The couple was married on 17 December 1743 in the chapel of the Palace of Versailles. He also promoted friendship with Britain and sponsored colonial expansion, notably the French conquest of Algeria. The British seized the three brothers, but took them to Havana anyway. The royal couple spent some time by the sea at St. Leonards[15] and later at the Marquess's home in Brighton. His salary was 1,400 francs and he taught under the name Monsieur Chabos. As a further honorific gesture to Louis Philippe and his Orléanist branch of the Bourbons, the ship on which the settlers sailed to found the eponymous colony of Port Louis-Philippe was named the Comte de Paris after Louis Philippe's beloved infant grandson, Prince Philippe d'Orléans, Count of Paris who was born on 24 August 1838. In June 1791, Louis Philippe got his first opportunity to become involved in the affairs of France. Soon thousands of troops were deserting the army. Louis-Philippe est le fils de Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duc d'Orléans (1747-1793). Louis Philippe served under his father's crony, Armand Louis de Gontaut the Duke of Biron, along with several officers who later gained distinction afterwards. Monsieur Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) was the younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria.His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV.Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. Often, in the midst of his gravest souvenirs, after a day of conflict with the whole diplomacy of the continent, he returned at night to his apartments, and there, exhausted with fatigue, overwhelmed with sleep, what did he do? Take away Louis Philippe the king, there remains the man. Louis Philippe d'Orléans, only son of Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans, and his wife Johanna of Baden-Baden, was born at the Palace of Versailles. Louis Philippe's father was exiled from the royal court, and the Orléans confined themselves to studies of the literature and sciences emerging from the Enlightenment. He lived in the rectory under the name Müller, as a guest of the local Lutheran vicar. Louis Philippe d'Orléans known as le Gros (the Fat) (12 May 1725 – 18 November 1785), was a French prince, a member of a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, the dynasty then ruling France. His popularity faded as economic conditions in France deteriorated in 1847, and he was forced to abdicate after the outbreak of the French Revolution of 1848. Louis Philippe commanded a division under him in the Valmy campaign. The ceremony was celebrated in Palermo 25 November 1809. Louis Philippe was willing to stay in France to fulfill his duties in the army, but he was implicated in the plot Dumouriez had planned to ally with the Austrians, march his army on Paris, and restore the Constitution of 1791. Louise Henriette was the only daughter of Louis Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti and the earlier mentioned Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon. They went to New Orleans, planning to sail to Havana and thence to Spain. [5] Louis Philippe had three children with Étiennette;[6] they were raised under the care of the Orléans family: In 1769, Louis Philippe sold Bagnolet and bought the Château du Raincy, located less than ten miles east from the center of Paris. This, however, was a troubled journey, as Spain and Great Britain were then at war. In February 1785, upon the insistence of Louis XVI, and with some help from Madame du Barry, the Duke of Orléans sold the magnificent château de Saint-Cloud, which had been in the Orléans family's possession since 1658, to Queen Marie Antoinette, for six million livres, a much reduced price than the original cost. Adélaïde went to live with her great-aunt the Princess of Conti at Fribourg, then to Bavaria and Hungary and, finally, to her mother, who was exiled in Spain. The genealogy of princes and princesses, members of the French Royal Family. The First Prince of the Blood after 1752, he was the most senior male at the French court after the immediate royal family. Téléchargez gratuitement le livre audio : LOTI, Pierre – Pêcheur d’Islande. [27] Louis Philippe had been instrumental in supporting the settlement project. They went to Zug, where Louis Philippe was discovered by a group of émigrés. Louis Philippe and his family remained in exile in Great Britain in Claremont, Surrey, though a plaque on Angel Hill, Bury St. Edmunds claims that he spent some time there, possibly due to a friendship with the Marquess of Bristol, who lived nearby at Ickworth House. At Reichenau, he gave lessons in mathematics, while his sister Adelaide did wool work and sewed. The brothers were even held in Philadelphia briefly during an outbreak of yellow fever. Head of the Royal House of Bourbon, Louis is descended in the male line from Philippe, Duke of Anjou, the second grandson of the Sun-King, Louis XIV. As the only son of Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and his wife Johanna of Baden-Baden, he was titled Duke of Chartres at birth. He then left with his faithful valet Baudouin for the heights of the Alps, and then to Basel, where he sold all but one of his horses. Louis Philippe was alienated by the more radical policies of the Republic. Finally, in October 1793, Louis Philippe was appointed a teacher of geography, history, mathematics and modern languages, at a boys' boarding school. After the fall of the Second Empire, a monarchist-dominated National Assembly offered a throne to the Legitimist pretender, Henri de France, comte de Chambord, as Henri V. As he was childless, his heir was (except to the most extreme Legitimists) Louis Philippe's grandson, Philippe d'Orléans, comte de Paris. Several of the gun barrels of Fieschi's weapon burst when it was fired; he was badly injured and was quickly captured. Serving with the French armies in the War of the Austrian Succession, he distinguished himself in the campaigns of 1742, 1743 and 1744, and at the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745. Smith." His father, who had been devoted to his German wife became a recluse and pious as he grew older. Contributor Names Julien, Bernard Romain, 1802-1871. However, the comte de Chambord refused to take the throne unless the Tricolor flag of the Revolution was replaced with the fleur-de-lis flag of the Ancien Régime. Fearful of what had happened to the deposed Louis XVI, Louis Philippe quickly left Paris under disguise. He was known as Monsieur at his brother's court. He was one of two children; his younger sister Louise Marie d'Orléans died at Saint-Cloud in 1728 aged a year and eight months. He was executed by guillotine together with his two co-conspirators the following year. Louis Philippe is also thought to have met Isaac Snow of Orleans, Massachusetts, who had escaped to France from a British prison hulk during the American Revolutionary War. Now moving from town to town throughout Switzerland, he and Baudouin found themselves very much exposed to all the distresses of extended travelling. At first, he was much loved and called the "Citizen King" and the "bourgeois monarch", but his popularity suffered as his government was perceived as increasingly conservative and monarchical, despite his decision to have Napoleon's remains returned to France. [9], The dissonance between his positive early reputation and his late unpopularity was epitomized by Victor Hugo in Les Misérables as an oxymoron describing his reign as "Prince Equality", in which Hugo states:[10]. Events in Paris undermined the budding military career of Louis Philippe. He was the father of Philippe Égalité. Duke of Orléans at the death of his father in 1785, Louis Étienne d'Orléans, (21 January 1759 – 24 July 1825), Count-abbé of Saint-Phar. He was one of two children; his younger sister Louise Marie d'Orléansdied at Saint-Cloud in 1728 aged a year and eight months. Louise Marie was known as Mademoisellein her short lifetime. On 6 November 1792, Dumouriez chose to attack an Austrian force in a strong position on the heights of Cuesmes and Jemappes to the west of Mons. The morganatic wedding took place on 23 April 1773 "dans la plus stricte intimité". This caused the Duke of Penthièvre to ask if the Duke of Orléans if he would allow a union with the Orléans family. As Dumouriez ordered the Colonel back to the camp, some of his soldiers cried out against the General, now declared a traitor by the National Convention. With war imminent in 1791, all proprietary colonels were ordered to join their regiments. La généalogie royale de Louis Philippe 1er, duc d'Orléans, roi des Français (1830-1848). The clashes of 1830 and 1848 between the Legitimists and the Orléanists over who was the rightful monarch were resumed in the 1870s. Louis Philippe d'Orléans known as le Gros (the Fat) (12 May 1725 – 18 November 1785), was a French prince, a member of a cadet branch of the House of Bourbon, the royal dynasty that ruled France. Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (4 August 1703 – 4 February 1752) was a member of the royal family of France, the House of Bourbon, and as such was a Prince du Sang. His visit to Cape Cod in 1797 coincided with the division of the town of Eastham into two towns, one of which took the name of Orleans, possibly in his honour. Louis Philippe Joseph d'Orléans was the son of Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Chartres, and Louise Henriette de Bourbon. [8] Upon his accession to the throne, Louis Philippe assumed the title of King of the French – a title already adopted by Louis XVI in the short-lived Constitution of 1791. This the National Assembly was unwilling to do. And the man is good. However, his opposition to the policies of Villèle and later of Jules de Polignac caused him to be viewed as a constant threat to the stability of Charles' government. Louis Philippe again commanded a division. The reign of Louis Philippe is known as the July Monarchy and was dominated by wealthy industrialists and bankers. She had been very close to her younger sister and devastated by her execution, but she had given her consent after he had convinced her that he was determined to compensate for the mistakes of his father, and after having agreed to answer all her questions regarding his father.[7]. ; litho. Fieschi, a Corsican ex-soldier, attacked the procession with a weapon he built himself, a volley gun that later became known as the Machine infernale. The elder branch of the House of Bourbon, to which the kings of France belonged, deeply distrusted the intentions of the cadet branch, which would succeed to the throne of France should the senior branch die out. Dumouriez was appointed to command the Army of the North in August 1792. In 1788, with the Revolution looming, the young Louis Philippe showed his liberal sympathies when he helped break down the door of a prison cell in Mont Saint-Michel, during a visit there with the Countess of Genlis. Philippe Égalité spoke in the National Convention, condemning his son for his actions, asserting that he would not spare his son, much akin to the Roman consul Brutus and his sons. [28] The British Lieutenant-Governor Captain William Hobson subsequently went on to claim sovereignty over Port Louis-Philippe. In Boston, Louis Philippe learned of the coup of 18 Fructidor (4 September 1797) and of the exile of his mother to Spain. Linking the monarchy to a people instead of a territory (as the previous designation King of France and of Navarre) was aimed at undercutting the legitimist claims of Charles X and his family. Some suggested a monarchical restoration under a later comte de Paris after the fall of the Vichy regime but this did not occur. He fled to England and spent his final years incognito as the 'Comte de Neuilly'. Le texte a été reproduit dans Les Amis de Flaubert en mai 1964. He fled to Switzerland in 1793 after being connected with a plot to restore France's monarchy. He visited Scandinavia in 1795 and then moved on to Finland. The next day, Dumouriez again tried to rally soldiers against the convention; however, he found that the artillery had declared itself in favour of the Republic, leaving him and Louis Philippe with no choice but to go into exile. « Il fait ses livres et rien de plus. They sailed via the Bahamas to Nova Scotia where they were received by the Duke of Kent, son of King George III and (later) father of Queen Victoria. The three were interned in Fort Saint-Jean in Marseille. The reaction in Paris to Louis Philippe's involvement in Dumouriez's treason inevitably resulted in misfortunes for the Orléans family. Louis-Philippe d'Orleans devient roi des Français. Louis Philippe d'Orléans, (7 July 1761 – 13 June 1829), Count-abbé of Saint-Albin, Marie Étiennette Perrine d'Auvilliers, (7 July 1761 -, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 14:44. Correspondance de Louis-Philippe-Joseph D'Orléans : avec Louis XVI, la reine, Montmorin, Liancourt, Biron, Lafayette, etc. Meanwhile, Louis Philippe was forced to live in the shadows, avoiding both pro-Republican revolutionaries and Legitimist French émigré centres in various parts of Europe and also in the Austrian army. As Duke of Chartres he distinguished himself commanding troops during the Revolutionary Wars, but broke with the Republic over its decision to execute King Louis XVI. Louis Philippe also visited the United States for four years, staying in Philadelphia (where his brothers Antoine and Louis Charles were in exile), New York City (where he most likely stayed at the Somerindyck family estate on Broadway and 75th Street with other exiled princes), and Boston. Louis Philippe had reconciled the Orléans family with Louis XVIII in exile, and was once more to be found in the elaborate royal court. He took a death sentence and passed the night in revising a criminal suit, considering it something to hold his own against Europe, but that it was a still greater matter to rescue a man from the executioner. He received the title Duke of Chartres at birth. The reaction in Paris to Louis Philippe's involvement in Dumouriez's treason inevitably resulted in misfortunes for the Orléans family. However, his resentment at the treatment of his family, the cadet branch of the House of Bourbon under the Ancien Régime, caused friction between him and Louis XVIII, and he openly sided with the liberal opposition. Louis Philippe was the eldest of three sons and a daughter, a family that was to have erratic fortunes from the beginning of the French Revolution to the Bourbon Restoration. - (31 Juillet 1830) / Julien, del. He greatly augmented the already huge wealth of the House of Orléans. He had lived by his own labor. Philippe (King Philip V of Spain), however, had renounced his rights to the throne of France to prevent the much-feared union of France and Spain. Philippe was a member of the House of Orléans, a cadet branch of the French royal family. Charlotte Jeanne Béraud de La Haye de Riou, Gabriel de Rochechouart, Duke of Mortemart, Katharina Ursula of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Christian Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach, http://www.geneall.net/F/per_page.php?id=122130, Prince Antoine Philippe, Duke of Montpensier, Prince Louis Charles, Count of Beaujolais, Ferdinand Philippe, Prince Royal of France and Duke of Orléans, Gaston, Prince Imperial Consort of Brazil and Count of Eu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louis_Philippe_I,_Duke_of_Orléans&oldid=994591236, Recipients of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Burials at the Church of the Val-de-Grâce, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.