Violetta Valéry, a young courtesan, famous in the Parisian high society, throws a party in her home. – "A man, who even in anger, offends a woman renders himself deserving of contempt."). La traviata OPERA IN THREE ACTS Libretto by Francesco Maria Piave based on La dame aux camélias by Alexandre Dumas fils. 4° Troubled beginnings and enduring success Verdi engaged Francesco Maria Piave to write the new libretto and sent the synopsis to Teatro La Fenice in Venice under the provisional title Amore e morte . It is based on La Dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the 1848 novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. He is about to leave in a huff when, taking pity on him, Violetta gives him one of her camellias and asks him to bring it back when it has faded. Over the years many versions were created, varying from theater to theater depending on the instruments available, but none of them is authoritative. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Alfredo sings of their happy life together (Alfredo: De' miei bollenti spiriti / Il giovanile ardore – "The youthful ardor of my ebullient spirits"). $8.25. [11] However, it soon became clear that a modern-dress staging of the new opera was impossible—the requirement was that it should be set in the 17th century "in the era of Richelieu"—and reports from the opening of the season confirmed the limitations of the chosen soprano, the 38-year-old Fanny Salvini-Donatelli for taking the role of Violetta. [20] The French adaptation of the libretto was published in 1865. Giuseppe Verdi's opera "La Traviata," tells the story of courtesan Violetta Valery ("traviata" translates to "fallen woman), who finds love and gives up her free-wheeling lifestyle, only to have her past come back to haunt her. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at La Fenice opera house in Venice. La traviata gives us one of opera’s most glorious heroines, a woman of boundless humanity and emotional depth. These coloratura effects are not required for the character after the first act. [5] However, Julian Budden notes that Verdi had probably read the Dumas novel some time before, and, after seeing the play and returning to Italy, "he was already setting up an ideal operatic cast for it in his mind,"[6] shown by his dealings with La Fenice. "[12], Coincidentally, as Philips-Matz points out, an Italian translation of the play La Dame aux camélias was being presented just a short distance from La Fenice. La traviata takes place in and around Paris, about 1850. "[19], The opera was first performed in France on 6 December 1856 in Italian by the Théâtre-Italien at the Salle Ventadour in Paris,[15] and on 27 October 1864 in French as Violetta (an adaptation by Édouard Duprez, older brother of the tenor Gilbert Duprez) at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Place du Châtelet with Christina Nilsson in the title role. A subject for our own age. [25], La traviata is the only one of Verdi's many operas to be set entirely indoors. Alfredo's father enters with the doctor, regretting what he has done. Last Liceu performance: 18/07/2015. ACT I Violetta Valéry knows that she will die soon, exhausted by her restless life as a courtesan. While walking to the salon, Gastone tells Violetta that Alfredo loves her, and that while she was ill, he came to her house every day. Further information available here.. Venue: Fleet Steps, Mrs Macquarie's Point. He has informed Alfredo of the sacrifice she has made for him and his sister; and he is sending his son to see her as quickly as possible to ask for her forgiveness. Annina, the maid, arrives from Paris, and, when questioned by Alfredo, tells him that she went there to sell the horses, carriages and everything owned by Violetta to support their country lifestyle. During Verdi’s lifetime La traviata was one of the most frequently performed of all operas, and it has continued to be through to the present. In her Parisian salon, Violetta, a courtesan, is greeting guests as they arrive for her party. Speranza Scapucci will conduct the production. As everyone is leaving the room, Violetta has asked Alfredo to see her. Meanwhile, he reluctantly becomes impressed by Violetta's nobility, something which he did not expect from a courtesan. Annina rushes in the room to tell Violetta of Alfredo's arrival. La traviata destaca por su enfoque realista: la historia de Violetta, en el lecho de muerte, evocando como flashback su vida de cortesana. Time will tell. In search of his son, Giorgio enters the hall and, knowing the real significance of the scene, denounces his son's behavior (Giorgio, Alfredo, Violetta, chorus: Di sprezzo degno sè stesso rende chi pur nell'ira la donna offende. $12.99. Baron Douphol, Violetta’s former lover (bass), Flora Bervoix, Violetta’s friend (mezzo-soprano), Marquis d’Obigny, Flora’s lover (bass), Gastone de Letorières, Violetta’s friend (tenor), Doctor Grenvil, Violetta’s physician (bass). The production by Sir David McVicar will star Kristina Mkhitaryan in the role of Violetta alongside Dimitry Korchak as Alfredo Germont and Giovanni Meoni as Giorgio Germont. A moment later, she dies in Alfredo's arms. Before rushing out and setting off for Paris, she hands the farewell letter to her servant to give to Alfredo. The opera features some of the most challenging and revered music in the entire soprano repertoire; the aria “Sempre libera” at the end of Act I is especially well known. From the next room, the sound of the orchestra is heard and the guests move there to dance. "[9] Although still bogged down at Sant'Agata, Piave was sanguine: "Everything will turn out fine, and we'll have a new masterpiece from this true wizard of modern harmonies". La Traviata is the only one of Verdi’s many operas to be set entirely indoors. Violetta, a Parisian demimondaine, is hosting a party. OperaBook - Platform for Performing Arts. • Donato Lovreglio (1841–1907), an Italian flautist and composer, wrote the "Concert Fantasy on themes from Verdi's La traviata", Op. “Sempre libera” (“Always free ”) is a duet from Giuseppe Verdi's opera La traviata.In mid-19 th-century Paris, Violetta Valéry is a courtesan of fragile health.At one of her parties, she encounters young Alfredo Germont. edited by Colin Bradbury for clarinet and piano (London: Chester Music, 1980): https://www.worldcat.org/title/fantasia-sull-opera-la-traviata-di-g-verdi-for-clarinet-piano-op-45/oclc/495943141, https://searchworks.stanford.edu/view/279609, International Music Score Library Project, 10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.O005794, Orchestra Sinfonica di Milano Giuseppe Verdi, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=La_traviata&oldid=995046910, Articles with dead external links from September 2020, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template, Wikipedia articles incorporating the Cite Grove template with a doi parameter, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, There is a film version of the opera from 1967, with. La Traviata’s sumptuous melodies and timeless depiction of doomed love have made the work a favorite of generations of operagoers. Verdi’s music offers flying melodies, rousing drinking songs and heartbreaking duets in the opera that you’ll recognise from Pretty Woman and that inspired Moulin Rouge. Here, Gaston, Viscount of Letorières, introduces a new admirer to her, Alfredo Germont. Verdi La Traviata Highlights The Rome Opera House Orchestra Vinyl Album LP 35822. Verdi based La traviata on Alexandre Dumas fils's novel and play La Dame aux camélias, inspired by the life and death of the real Parisian courtesan Marie Duplessis.Verdi offered a more complex and sympathetic portrayal of his heroine than Dumas, … Violetta invites everyone to go to the ballroom for dancing but is stricken with dizziness. Alone, she looks at herself in the mirror and is shocked to see how pale she is. Gastone tells her that during her recent illness, Alfredo had inquired after her daily. At first, she rejects him because his love means nothing to her, but there is something about Alfredo that touches her heart. La traviata (Italian pronunciation: [la traˈvjaːta]; The Fallen Woman)[1][2] is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. But it is too late: she knows her time is up (Alfredo, Violetta: Gran Dio!...morir sì giovane – "Great God!...to die so young"). Opera companies would not comply, insisting on setting the story in the early 18th century. [25] The concluding part of Violetta's solo scene that ends the first act is full of vocal decoration and feverish ornamentation as she swears to stay free ("Sempre libera"). [3] La traviata has become immensely popular and is among the most frequently performed of all operas.[4]. First Barcelona performance: 25/10/1855 at the Gran Teatre del Liceu. La traviata, opera in three acts by Italian composer Giuseppe Verdi (libretto in Italian by Francesco Maria Piave) that premiered in Venice at La Fenice opera house on March 6, 1853. Alfredo comes up behind her to ask if she is feeling better. Dumas, in his novel of 1848 and the play based on it, recalls an actual “lady of pleasure” (the scandalous Marie Duplessis) whom he had known and adored. [10], While there were demands for productions from impresarios in various Italian cities, Verdi was loath to allow them unless he could be sure of the strength of the singers, and in spite of their pleas, the composer refused. After the famous "Brindisi", an offstage band plays a series of waltzes (waltz rhythms pervade the first act of the opera, creating a Parisian atmosphere). Dr. Grenvil tells Annina that Violetta will not live long since her tuberculosis has worsened. La traviata tells the story of the tragic love between the courtesan Violetta and the romantic Alfredo Germont. When the glamorous but fragile courtesan Violetta Valéry and her admirer Alfredo Germont find love, it seems nothing can keep them apart. Gilda Roberts) (1998), This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:06. – "You know this woman?"). La Traviata is one of the cornerstones of the operatic repertory. [25], Piave to Carlo Marzari at La Fenice announcing that the libretto was complete, 20 October 1852, in, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFParker2002 (. Violetta returns home and receives an invitation from her friend, Flora, to a party in Paris that evening. Mezzo.Tv is set to present “La Traviata” from the Gran Teatre del Liceu on Dec. 31 . Verdi called the night a fiasco, yet he did not allow himself to be overly distressed, writing to a conductor friend, “I do not think that the last word on La traviata was uttered last night.” Within two months he was vindicated: the revival that opened May 6, 1853, at the Teatro San Benedetto in Venice, with more suitable singers and a few small revisions in the score, was an unqualified success. 45, for clarinet and orchestra (published Ricordi, 1865); in it, Lovreglio used the overture and several arias from the opera. While the guests dance in the next room, Violetta looks at her pale face in her mirror. La traviata means “the fallen woman” or “the one who goes astray” and refers to the main character, Violetta Valéry, a courtesan. Francesco Maria Piave was engaged to write the new libretto and the two men tried to come up with a suitable subject, but the composer complained that his librettist "had not yet offered him an 'original' or 'provocative' idea". The Baron explains that he has known her only a year, but she retorts that Alfredo has known her only a few minutes. Some revisions took place between 1853 and May 1854, mostly affecting acts 2 and 3, but the opera was performed again on 6 May 1854 and was a great success, largely due to Maria Spezia-Aldighieri's portrayal of Violetta. As they bet, Alfredo wins some large sums until Flora announces that supper is ready. [16] It was first performed in the United States by the Max Maretzek Italian Opera Company on 3 December 1856 in Italian at the Academy of Music in New York. Alone in her room, Violetta reads a letter from Alfredo's father telling her that the Baron was only wounded in his duel with Alfredo. One subject was chosen, Piave set to work, and then Verdi threw in another idea, which may have been La traviata. Like Violetta in the opera, Duplessis had conquered Parisian society with her wit, charm, and beauty, but her reign was a brief one—she died of tuberculosis in 1847 at age 23. Adapted from Alexandre Dumas’ “La dame aux Camélias”, Verdi’s La Traviata is one of the composer’s best-loved operas. Violetta, amused, cannot understand why and teases her lover, Baron Douphol, that he did not do the same. After a series of severe coughs and almost fainting, Violetta begins to feel dizzy and asks her guests to go ahead and to leave her to rest until she recovers. Alone once more, Violetta makes Alfredo promise not to speak of love again. "[7] But at the same time, the composer expressed concern about censorship in Venice, something with which he was very familiar after his dealings with the censors concerning Rigoletto. World premiere: Teatro La Fenice 06/03/1853. It was first performed in England on 24 May 1856 in Italian at Her Majesty's Theatre in London,[15] where it was considered morally questionable, and "the heads of the Church did their best to put an injunction upon performance; the Queen refrained from visiting the theatre during the performances, though the music, words and all, were not unheard at the palace". Writing to Piave, he added that "I don't want any of those everyday subjects that one can find by the hundreds. Unfortunately, she was 38 years old and overweight. (The first performance set in the period Verdi specified took place in 1906, after Verdi’s death and well after the setting could be called contemporary.). Experience the joy and heartache of the world’s most popular opera, La Traviata, at Sydney’s best night out. San Francisco Opera presents Verdi's La Traviata. But she can offer him only friendship and urges him to forget her (duet: “Un dì felice”). He toasts in her honor before the whole crowd. When she brushes this off, saying that no one takes care of her, he answers that no one loves her but he. The 2019/20 season kicks off in September with a new production of "La … Saimir Pirgu, Venera Gimadieva and The Royal Opera Chorus sing La traviata's famous drinking song. Published by Nadia Kovarskaya. [10], When back at Sant'Agata in late January 1853 Verdi was reminded that his contract called for him to be in Venice within a week or two and for the premiere to be held on the "first Saturday in March 1853". [8] However, as Budden reveals, Verdi writes to his friend De Sanctis telling him that "for Venice I'm doing La Dame aux camélias which will probably be called La traviata. Alfredo's father, Giorgio Germont, is announced and demands that she break off her relationship with his son for the sake of his family, since he reveals that Violetta's relationship with Alfredo has threatened his daughter's engagement (Giorgio: Pura siccome un angelo, Iddio mi diè una figlia – "Pure as an angel, God gave me a daughter") because of Violetta's reputation. Violetta arrives with Baron Douphol. But his provincial family is determined to break up the scandalous affair. In October 2015, rising soprano Lisette Oropesa made her role debut as Violetta in a new production of Verdi’s La traviata at the Academy of Music, serving notice that this … Mezzo and Les Films Jack Fébus will co-produce the production recording {…} [25], The lengthy and crucial duet between the elder Germont and Violetta in act 2 is multi-sectioned with the music following the changing dramatic situation. Gastone drops in from the ballroom to see what is going on, and Violetta assures him there is nothing. Directed by Brian Large. "Then [referring to the La Fenice performances] it was a fiasco; now it has created a furore. As Budden notes, it came to be Venice "that made an honest woman of Violetta"[13] when Verdi allowed a performance at the Teatro San Benedetto. Three months later, Alfredo and Violetta are living together in a peaceful country house outside Paris. However, Alfredo remains and sincerely decl… She has recently come into better health and decided to host a party in celebration. La traviata (título original en italiano, que en español podría traducirse como La descarriada) es una ópera en tres actos con música de Giuseppe Verdi y libreto en italiano de Francesco Maria Piave, basado en la novela de Alexandre Dumas (hijo) La dame aux camélias (1852), aunque no directamente sino a través de una adaptación teatral. She tells him that she is, but he replies that she must take better care of herself; he says that if she were his, he would always watch over her. She calls for the entertainers to perform for the guests (Chorus: Noi siamo zingarelle venute da lontano – "We are gypsy girls who have come from afar"; Di Madride noi siam mattadori – "We are matadors from Madrid"). The scale is intimate and bourgeois, not heroic or noble. When she replies that perhaps she does have a heart, he responds that if she did, she would not make fun of him, for he has loved her deeply for a year. However, within a short time, a synopsis was dispatched to Venice under the title of Amore e morte (Love and Death). Highlights From Verdi's La Traviata, Licia Albanese - 1950, LP Opera - VG Vinyl. As the months dragged on into October, it was agreed that Piave would come to Sant'Agata and work with the composer. Una exaltación a la vida y a las virtudes humanas como la generosidad, la compasión y el sacrificio por los demás, que se ven frustradas por el juicio implacable de una sociedad clasista, en la que Alfredo es el estereotipo del ardiente amante obsesivo. Of the primary cast members, only the soprano who played Violetta (Fanny Salvini-Donatelli) was adequate as a singer. Unlike Il Trovatore, which was composed simultaneously, La Traviata is an intimate piece, full of tender lyricism. He humiliates and denounces Violetta in front of the guests and then throws his winnings at her feet in payment for her services. With growing remorse, she finally agrees (Violetta, Giorgio: Dite alla giovine, sì bella e pura, – "Tell the young girl, so beautiful and pure,") and says goodbye to Giorgio. Played out against the hypocrisy of upper-class fashionable society, Alfredo and Violetta’s love threatens to shame his family. After the guests leave, Violetta wonders if Alfredo could actually be the one in her life (Violetta: È strano! In his approach to this classic drama, director Willy Decker sets the action on a nearly bare stage, focusing the audience’s full attention on the three main characters. Mais, reconnue à sa juste valeur dès les représentations suivantes, La traviata est devenue au XXe siècle l'une des œuvres les plus jouées dans les opéras de par le mon… For her, love is an illusion, and she must simply live free and for pleasure alone (“Sempre libera”)—even though Alfredo’s declaration of love still rings in her ears. Following the larger-scale dramas of Rigoletto and Il Trovatore, its intimate scope and subject matter inspired the composer to create some of his most profound and heartfelt music. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Verdi was distraught, for he held on to the notion that the opera could be staged in modern dress—as Stiffelio had been done—Piave was sent back to Sant'Agata to no avail: he could not persuade the composer to back down on his insistence that another soprano be secured, yet the 15 January deadline for securing one had come and gone. LA Opera rounds out the final two productions of the 2018/2019 season with "El Gato Montes: The Wildcat" and Verdi's "La Traviata." La Fenice had been clamouring for a new work; although the theatre would supply funding and performers, Verdi was afraid its singers would not do the opera justice. The heroine is a fallen woman who earns redemption through sacrifice—a notion that was somewhat risqué at the time—although not forbidden by censors. She can barely control her sadness and tears; she tells him repeatedly of her unconditional love (Violetta: Amami, Alfredo, amami quant'io t'amo – "Love me, Alfredo, love me as I love you"). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Opera Insights Enhance your La Traviata knowledge with a pre-curtain lecture one hour before each performance in Music Hall's Corbett Tower.Evans Mirageas, The Harry T. Wilks Artistic Director, provides overviews and insights into the opera's history, music, and production. For Verdi, the years 1851 to 1853 were filled with operatic activity. Now Violetta laughs at him, and he chides her for being heartless. In a gesture of gratitude for her kindness and sacrifice, Giorgio kisses her forehead before leaving her weeping alone. They see Alfredo at the gambling table. [25], This delicate atmosphere is altered on curtain rise by lively dance tunes in the orchestra. With Ileana Cotrubas, Plácido Domingo, Cornell MacNeil, Ariel Bybee. [14], The opera (in the revised version) was first performed in Madrid on 1 February 1855 with Maria Spezia-Aldighieri at Teatro Real, in Vienna on 4 May 1855 in Italian and in Barcelona on 25 October at Gran Teatre del Liceu. In February the couple attended a performance of Alexander Dumas fils's The Lady of the Camellias. Feeling annoyed, the Baron goes to the gambling table and joins him in a game. After the lovers run away together, they live in bliss for a short time. The opera features some of the most challenging and revered music in the entire soprano repertoire; the aria “Sempre libera” at the end of Act I is especially well known. Total number of Liceu performances: 251. Verdi attended the play in 1852 in Paris, where he was spending the winter. The score is littered with fantastics tunes that are now wildly famous (even those who arent at all operatically versed will know many of the arias from countless TV ads) but beyond that it is the coherence of the whole piece that makes it a masterpiece. More than other Italian opera composers of the time, Verdi unified the music and underscored the drama through the use of techniques such as repeated phrases (Violetta’s “Ah, fors’è lui” echoes Alfredo’s declaration of love and continues as a love theme), instrumentation (high violins underscore Violetta’s character from the overture onward), coloratura ornamentation that reflects Violetta’s agitation (thus justifying what otherwise can seem empty virtuosity), and musical continuity (through blurring the line between recitative and aria). Gastone, a viscount, has brought with him a friend, Alfredo Germont, a young bourgeois from a provincial family who has long adored Violetta from afar. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Nancy & Beth - Nancy And Beth [New Vinyl LP] … [24], The prelude to the opera begins with very soft, very high strings depicting the frail heroine, followed by the main love theme of the opera, which is then played on lower strings while the higher instruments decorate the melody. When he sees them, Alfredo loudly proclaims that he will take Violetta home with him. The story feels immediate, and the melodies are beautiful. Was the fault mine or the singers'? The lovers are reunited and Alfredo suggests that they leave Paris (Alfredo, Violetta: Parigi, o cara, noi lasceremo – "We will leave Paris, O beloved"). Online premiere: Friday 8 May 2020 at 7pm BST, broadcast free online as part of the Royal Opera House's #OurHouseToYourHouse series. She serves on the music faculty of Metropolitan State University of Denver and gives pre-performance talks for Opera Colorado and the Colorado Symphony... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Director Ermenegildo Giordano Genres Arts, … Alfredo is shocked to learn this and leaves for Paris immediately to settle matters himself. Rumor has it that he has been enquiring after her health every day. Betsy Schwarm is a music historian based in Colorado. Her friends try to help her, but she insists that she will be fine and sends them all into the ballroom. Celebrate the season with a week of delightful Nightly Opera Streams perfect for the holidays—including a touching 1982 telecast of Puccini’s La Bohème on Christmas Eve and Humperdinck’s scrumptious Hansel and Gretel on Christmas Day.